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Important documents:

1917 - The Balfour Declaration

1922 - The Mandate for Palestine

1947 - UN General Assembly Resolution 181

1948 - UN Security Council Resolution 42

1948 - UN General Assembly Resolution 194

1967 - UN Security Council Resolution 242

1973 - UN Security Council Resolution 338

2006 - UN Security Council Resolution 1701




The British Foreign Minister, Arthur Balfour, wrote to the Jewish leader, Lord Rothschild, in order to assure him and the Zionist Organization of the British government's continued support for the idea of the recreation of a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine.

The "Balfour Declaration" became the foundation of the international support for the establishment of the modern state of Israel. The letter was published a week later in The Times of London.

The Balfour Declaration 1917

November 2nd, 1917

Dear Lord Rothschild,

I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.

"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."

I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.

Yours sincerely,

Arthur James Balfour





The History of Israel - A Chronological Presentation - history-of-israel.org